(I) an overview of the international market
Plant extract refers to the process of extracting and separating one or more active components from plants by physical and chemical extraction process without changing their effective components. It can be used as raw material and widely used in the downstream industry of food, beverage, medicine, health care products, cosmetics and so on. There are many kinds of plant extracts, including more than 300 kinds of industrial extracts. There are also many kinds of classification methods, according to the content of active components can be divided into three types: effective monomer extraction, standard extract and proportion extraction. It is divided into glycosides, acids, polyphenols, polysaccharides, terpenoids, flavonoids, alkaloids and so on. According to the form of the product, it can be divided into vegetable oil, extract, powder, lens and so on. According to the use of plant extracts, it can be divided into natural pigment products, traditional Chinese medicine extract products, extract products and concentrated products.
Advanced technology for plant extracts, such as Martin Bauer in Germany, and the Indena SPA of Todd group and Italy, represent advanced technology for plant extracts. Europe, Asia and the Asia Pacific region are the main market for plant extracts. In 2011, European plant extracts accounted for 39.8% of the world's consumption, ranked first in the world, and 37.2% in the Asia Pacific region, ranking second. In the United States, plant extracts are mainly used as dietary supplements. The European market is dominated by Germany and France, mainly used for health products, cosmetics, and plant drugs. In Asia, Japan and South Korea on plant extracts Kampo medicine and Korean medicine development.
(two) the situation of China's market and export
China has a vast territory, more than 60 degrees of longitude, latitude more than 40 degrees, diversified geology, rich plant resources and unique advantages. The resource advantages are western Hunan, Shaanxi and Sichuan. On the other hand, Chinese herbal medicine has a long history. At present, the application of plant extracts has expanded from traditional medicines and foods to many fields, such as health food, food additives, cosmetics, feed additives and so on. The consumption of food and drink accounted for the largest proportion in the plant extract industry, more than 60%.
In 2016, China's export of Chinese medicine reached 3 billion 426 million US dollars, down by 9.13%. Among them, the export of plant extracts reached $1 billion 930 million, down by 10.93%, accounting for 56% of the total export of Chinese medicine. In 1-4 months of 2017, the export of plant extracts was $650 million, a decline of 12.38%, and the decline continued.
Among the top ten export varieties, the proportion of food products is more and more. Exports to Europe increased significantly by 3.44% in 2016, while North America and Asian markets fell by -1.28% and -18.78%. At present, the United States is China's largest export market for export plant extracts, followed by Japan and South Korea.
Domestic market turmoil and adjustment
The market characteristics of Chinese plant extracts are as follows: first, the plant extract industry is a rapidly developing sunrise industry, which accounts for half of the export of Chinese traditional medicine products, and the market competition is fierce. Secondly, in the industry, due to the lack of industry standards, the industry is more chaotic, the industry concentration is low, and the quality of products is different. Most companies can only provide several or more kinds of primary products. Since 2016, the export of the extract has slowed down, and the industry has entered the period of adjustment.
To cope with the above problems, in June 21, 2017, the Chinese Chamber of Commerce for the import and export of medicines and health products (hereinafter referred to as the medical insurance chamber of Commerce) issued the new version of the international business standard for plant extracts, which is the third standard issued by the medical insurance association since 2001.
Different enterprises have different views on the introduction of new standards. Large standard enterprises welcome, small enterprises feel pressure. Wang Tianran, the product of Chongqing pride, chairman of Limited by Share Ltd, believes that the decline of exports means industrial transformation at the present stage. It also indicates that the extensive development is coming to an end. Quality control will become the trend of plant extracts industry. In the future, green and healthy plant extracts will become the mainstream of consumption.
(four) the latest research results of plant extracts
In the international community, the best-selling plant extracts are currently used in brain protection, intelligence, prevention and treatment of Alzheimer's disease, weight loss, prevention and treatment of hypoglycemia and diabetes, natural cancer, improvement of epidemic situation, and enhancement of immune system. In recent years, scientists have found that some plant extracts can effectively help to resist various physical diseases, such as resveratrol in mice and prolong life, such as cancer, diabetes, inflammation and other diseases show superiority; compound southeast treating arthritis and rheumatism and willow Acanthaceae contain potential anti AIDS virus patentiflorin; flavonoids active substances from root bark of apple trees in (PT) helps to reduce rat asthma; hops extract activated chemical detoxification pathway in breast cancer cells can help prevent breast cancer.
PT is a substance that exists in the fruit, leaves and bark of the apple tree. Previous studies have shown that it has a good effect on regulating glucose transporters, promoting tumor cell death, increasing lipid metabolism and anti obesity. In addition, the 100 - year - year - History of the therapeutic berry extract in South America is considered an effective antibiotic resistant component. The researchers believe that the berries, called "black pepper trees", can effectively kill the chemical components of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Methoxicillin Staphylococcus aureus is a common bacterium that can cause damage to the skin tissue. A serious infection can be a fatal risk.
Researchers from institutions such as Malta University found that special compounds extracted from Mediterranean plant cactus and brown seaweed can be used as new candidate drugs to help fight neurodegenerative diseases. Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease are two age related neurodegenerative diseases. The researchers used the extract to treat the Drosophila melanogaster with Alzheimer's disease.